It may sound like a disease of the past, but tuberculosis, or TB, is still a real concern today. And as the old saying goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. In other words, the best way to be well is to avoid getting sick in the first place. A person who has the active disease in their lungs can spread it through the air. The disease is especially widespread among the smokers. Also, the people dealing with pest control are more prone to this disease. In addition, the people getting different treatments such as HIV treatment, cancer or jaundice treatment have more chances of getting the disease.
If you have active TB disease, you must get treated right away. This might involve taking a number of medications for 6 to 12 months. It’s important to take all of your medicines, as they’re prescribed, the entire time — even if you feel better. If not, you can get sick again. According to the ‘India TB Report 2019’, of all total notifications, 25 percent (5.4 lakh) cases were reported from the private sector, a 40 per cent increase from the last year. TB, being an infectious disease, requires stringent prevention strategies to reduce the spread of the disease and lower the number of deaths. Here are some things you need to keep in mind.
1. Vaccination: All new born and infants should be given the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine to protect them against TB. The vaccine enables the child to develop antibodies against the causative organism (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) of TB.
2. Keep your immunity high: Most of you might have come in contact with TB bacilli but have not developed the disease because of protection offered by vaccination you received in childhood. However, the vaccine cannot provide life-long protection. That’s why people with a lowered immunity are at a higher risk of infection. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle is important to prevent TB. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Quit smoking and drinking alcohol, exercise regularly and stay fit.
3. Maintain good hygiene: Good hygiene plays an important role in preventing. So, wash your hands before eating and make it a point to drink clean water. If you are around someone you know is suffering from TB, avoid direct contact with them. Hospital staff should wear protective masks and gloves around patients with TB. Avoid visiting crowded and unhygienic places.
4. Go to the right kind of specialist: Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to lower the number of deaths due to TB. If you notice any of the symptoms of TB, visit a doctor immediately. If your cough is persistent, it’s better to consult a specialist.
5. Adherence to medication: One of the major reasons for the increase in the number of deaths is the development of drug-resistant TB. For this reason, people who have the infection are actually the carriers of the disease. ‘When they don’t adhere to the prescription, it gives an opportunity to TB bacteria to develop resistance to the drugs. So, if you are taking treatment for TB, you do play an important role in preventing the spread of the disease. All you need to do is, complete the prescribed course of treatment.
So Guys, if you have a anyone in the family who is suffering from this disease, don’t worry he/she will get well soon but make sure that you maintain distance from that person so that you don’t get affected by it.